Very informative blog post on the Battle of York on 27 April 1813, during the War of 1812 between the USA and Britain. York is now Toronto.
In the early morning hours of April 27, 1813, the people of York, the capital of Upper Canada, were startled to hear gunfire. American troops had landed on what is now Sunnyside Beach, and were fighting their way along the shore.
The Americans had sailed from Sackets Harbor, New York, two days before, but the only opposition on Lake Ontario had been rough weather. General Dearborn, who was so stout that he had to be carried in a special carriage, became seasick and his second in command, General Pike, directed the landing of 1,700 men.
The garrison at York was commanded by General Sheaffe who had not expected an attack and so had spent the winter at Niagara. Consequently, arrangements for defence were very poor. The only new artillery guns were lying in the mud near the shore, where they had been…
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